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military causes of revolt of 1857

military causes of revolt of 1857

As early as 1806, concerns that the sepoys' caste may be polluted had led to the Vellore Mutiny, which was brutally suppressed. Ruin of the Mercantile Class. [10], Caste privileges and customs within the Bengal Army were not merely tolerated but encouraged in the early years of the company's rule. 2 mins read. Causes of 1857 Rebellion May 2020 DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.28146.94408 Project: MILITARY HISTORY Agha H AminAgha H Amin This seems to have been a very important reason for the spread of the rebellion, keeping in view the speed at which the ignited in many villages in northern India where farmers rushed to get back their unfairly grabbed title deeds. [7] Several years before the sepoys' mutiny, Lord William Bentinck had attacked several jagirs in western Bengal. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. During the late eighteenth century and the early part of the nineteenth century, the armies of the East India Company, in particular those of the Bengal Presidency, were victorious and indomitable â€” the term "high noon of the sepoy army" has been used by a military historian. [12], There had been earlier indications that all was not well in the armies of the East India Company. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. Related posts: What were few political and military factors responsible for the Revolt of 1857? The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. The sepoys were local soldiers, the majority Hindu or Muslim, that were recruited into the Company's army. The Rani of Jhansi Laxmibai was not allowed to adopt a son. [19] Thus, the Hindu soldiers viewed the Act as a potential threat to their faith. All rights reserved. Although the revolt began as a military rising and it appears to be a great sequel in the long series of a number of mutinies, its causes were deeply rooted in the changing conditions of the times. were among the high degree of protests by the people that culminated in the revolt of 1857. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded soldiers an… The sepoys rejected this, pointing out that they might very well forget and bite the cartridge, not surprising given the extensive drilling that allowed 19th century British and Indian troops to fire three to four rounds per minute. Following Political Causes: The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large … Once the first rebellions took place, it was clear to most British commanders that the grievances which led to them were felt throughout the Bengal army and no Indian unit could wholly be trusted, although many officers continued to vouch for their men's loyalty, even in the face of captured correspondence indicating their intention to rebel. As time passed, the powers of the commanding officers reduced and the government became more unfeeling or distant from the concerns of the sepoys. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. Causes for the Revolt of 1857 The Revolt of 1857, also known as The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was caused by various factors which were political, social, economic and military in nature. The Company interfered in the internal matters of Indian States and followed the policy of divide and rule. [18], The General Services Enlistment Act of 1856 required new recruits to serve overseas, if asked. of Indian Soldiers -, The East India Company [2] Author Pramod Nayar points out that by 1851 there were nineteen Protestant religious societies operating in India whose goal was the conversion of Indians to Christianity. The mutiny and great revolt of 1857–59. the year 1856, the Company army had2, 38,000 Indians and 45,322 British soldiers. 5. Such measures were considered a valid negotiating tactic by the sepoys, likely to be repeated every time such issues arose. Prior to the period of British rule, any refusal to proceed on service until pay issues were resolved was considered a legitimate form of displaying grievance by Indian troops serving under Indian rulers. Related Questions to study. Just before the Rebellion there were over 300,000 sepoys in the army, compared to about 50,000 British. Mason, Philip (1974), pages 305-306 "A Matter of Honour", London: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston. Immediate Cause of Revolt. The serving high-caste sepoys were fearful that this requirement would be eventually extended to them, violating observance of the Kala Pani prohibition on sea travel. [15], The varying stances of the British government, the reduction of allowances and harsh punishments, contributed to a feeling amongst the troops that the Company no longer cared for them. What […] Some of these units belonged to states allied to the British or recently absorbed into British-administered territory, and of these, two large contingents from the states of Awadh and Gwalior readily joined the growing rebellion. The Indian soldiers were also sent across the sea which was forbidden as per Hindu religious beliefs. deployment if required. To load both the old musket and the new rifle, soldiers had to bite the cartridge open and pour the gunpowder it contained into the rifle's muzzle, then stuff the paper cartridge (overlaid with a thin mixture of beeswax and mutton tallow for waterproofing) into the musket as wadding, the ball being secured to the top of the cartridge and guided into place for ramming down the muzzle. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. The military causes of Sepoy Mutiny primarily led to the outbreak of the 1857 revolt. In the decade prior to the rebellion, the BEIC had imposed a "doctrine of lapse" (of Indian leadership succession), and the policy of "subsidiary alliance", both of which deprived many Indian rulers of their customary powers and privileges. However, traditionally it was a taboo for the Political Leader of the British Conservative Party and future prime minister Benjamin Disraeli argued these objects were signs to rebel and evidence of a conspiracy, and the press echoed this belief. They later stood in Chandni Chowk, the main square, and asked the people gathered there, "Brothers, are you with those of the faith? Under the British rule, there was a severe deterioration of the condition of Indian agriculture. recommended recruitment of more British troops but it was not done at the revolt of 1857 was started by Indian soldiers at Meerut on 10 may,1857.the causes of the revolt were a) All sections of India were unhappy with the British rule. [9], Until the 1840s there had been a widespread belief amongst the Bengal sepoys in the iqbal or continued good fortune of the East India Company. Join NOW to get access to exclusive study material for best results. He also resumed the practice of tax free lands in some areas. [1] As early as the Charter Act of 1813 Christian missionaries were encouraged to come to Bombay and Calcutta under BEIC control. [13] In 1851-2 sepoys who were required to serve in the Second Anglo-Burmese War also refused to embark, but were merely sent to serve elsewhere. Some Indians were upset with the draconian rule of the Company who had embarked on a project of territorial expansion and westernisation that was imposed without any regard for historical subtleties in Indian society. The immediate cause of military disaffection was the deployment of the new breech-loading Enfield rifle, the cartridge of which was purportedly greased with pork and beef fat. Briefly [5], Dalrymple further points out that as late as 6 September, when calling the inhabitants of Delhi to rally against the upcoming Company assault, Zafar issued a proclamation stating that this was a religious war being prosecuted on behalf of 'the faith', and that all Muslim and Hindu residents of the imperial city, or of the countryside were encouraged to stay true to their faith and creeds. Although the armies of many Rajas or states which rebelled contained large numbers of guns, the British superiority in artillery was to be decisive in the siege of Delhi after the arrival of a siege train of thirty-two howitzers and mortars. The Indian soldiers were discriminated. In some districts like Muzaffarnagar and Saharanpur, Bose and Jalal argue that "the revolt took on a distinctly millenarian flavour. Copyright Notice © 2020 Greycells18 Media Limited and its licensors. Since the batta made the difference between active service being considered munificent or burdensome, the sepoys repeatedly resented and actively opposed inconsiderate unilateral changes in pay and batta ordered by the Military Audit department. Partly owing to this, Bengal sepoys were not subject to the penalty of flogging as were the European soldiers. 3. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. Disproportion between Indian and British troops. The reasons for the failure of the 1857 Revolt are many and can be grouped into Administrative, Military and Political causes. are three important causes of the revolt of 1857: Queries asked on Sunday & after 7pm from Monday to Saturday will be answered after 12pm the next working day. As further evidence, he observes that the Urdu sources of the pre- and post-rebellion periods usually refer to the British not as angrez (the English), goras (whites) or firangis (foreigners), but as kafir (disbeliever) and nasrani (Christians). Other irregular units were raised in frontier areas from communities such as Assamese or Pashtuns to maintain order locally. Causes of the Revolt. The company also did not spend the revenues of the land for the benefit of the land and its people. Economic Causes. The Revolt of 1857 was started by the company’s sepoys. which was taken in complete disregard to their religious beliefs. These changes caused widespread resentment not only among the landed aristocracy but also caused great havoc to a larger section of the middle-class people. Larger Causes of Revolt of 1857 The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. Avadh was annexed in 1857, on charges of maladministration Satara, Jhansi, Nagpur and Sambhalpur were annexed owing to Doctrine of lapse. discriminated against their Indian. Furthermore, legal changes introduced by the British were accompanied by prohibitions on Indian religious customs and were seen as steps towards forced conversion to Christianity. In contrast to their Indian predecessors, the British considered such refusals at times to be outright "mutinies" and therefore to be suppressed brutally. British government brought many social reforms in Hindu society like widow remarriage, abolition of Sati, education for girls, Christian Missionaries etc. MILITARY CAUSES. Rich people like the merchants and moneylenders were therefore able to speculate in British land sales and drive out the most vulnerable peasant farmers. MILITARY CAUSES. This included an increase in the taxation on land. ADVERTISEMENTS: The course of events of the Revolt of 1857. Dalhousie had Underlying grievances over British taxation and recent land annexations by the British East Indian Company (BEIC) also contributed to the anger of the sepoy mutineers, and within weeks, dozens of units of the Indian army joined peasant armies in widespread rebellion. The British treat the Indian soldiers very differently from their counterparts. The resumption of tax free land and confiscation of jagirs (the grant or right to locally control land revenue) caused discontent among the jagirdars and zamindars. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. The Revolt of 1857 » The Revolt of 1857 is an important landmark in the history of India which occurred during the governer-generalship of Lord canning. In 1824, there was another mutiny by a regiment ordered overseas in the First Anglo-Burmese War, who were refused transport to carry individual cooking vessels and told to share communal pots. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Mason, Philip (1974), pages 291-292 "A Matter of Honour", London: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston. The old aristocracy, both Muslim and Hindu, who were seeing their power steadily eroded by the BEIC, also rebelled against British rule. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. Indian troops to overwhelm their British colleagues. Saul, David (2003), page 294 "The Indian Mutiny", Penguin Books. VIEW MORE. in 1849, Revolt of the Santhals (1855-56), Kol uprising (1831-32) etc. [21], The Bengal Army also administered, sometimes loosely, 29 regiments of irregular horse and 42 of irregular infantry. 4. Another important source of discontent among the Indian rulers was that the British policies of conquest had created significant unrest. The rifling inside the musket barrel ensured accuracy at much greater distances than was possible with old muskets. Mason, Philip (1974), page 264 "A Matter of Honour", London: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston. It was only later on that other elements of society joined the revolt. Certain actions of the government, such as increased recruitment of Sikhs and Gurkhas, peoples considered by the Bengal sepoys to be inferior in caste to them, increased the distrust of the sepoys who thought that this was a sign of their services not being needed any more. Results of revolt of 1857. Moreover, there was no scope of promotion and made to serve overseas. Higher post in the army were reserved for the British. The Bengal Army recruited higher castes, such as "Rajputs and Brahmins", mostly from the Aw… Causes of Failure of Revolt. 4. They cannot rise above the rank of Subedar. The mutiny at Vellore (1806), at Barrackpore (1824), at Ferozpur (1842), mutiny of the 7th Bengal cavalry, mutiny of 22nd N.I. Mason, Philip (1974), pages 186 and 313 "A Matter of Honour", London: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston. 3 mins read. Christian organisations from Britain had additionally created 222 "unattached" mission stations across India in the decade preceding the rebellion. [16], At the beginning of the nineteenth century, British officers were generally closely involved with their troops, speaking Indian languages fluently; participating in local culture through such practices as having regimental flags and weapons blessed by Brahman priests; and frequently having native mistresses. Eleven of the sepoys were executed and hundreds more sentenced to hard labour. The Absentee Sovereignty of British means that India was being ruled by the British Government from England. Another suggestion they put forward was to introduce a new drill, in which the cartridge was not bitten with the teeth but torn open with the hand. Economic and Military Causes of Revolt of 1857. Often the British officers treated the sepoys rudely. Social distance between officers and Indian soldiers. Thanks, you will receive a call between 10:00am - 7:00pm IST. Mason, Philip (1974), page 263 "A Matter of Honour", London: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston, Details of the rifle issued as a result of the mutiny, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Causes_of_the_Indian_Rebellion_of_1857&oldid=990241245, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 16:27. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. Lord Dalhousies policy of annexation and the Doctrine of lapse had made the Indian rulers angry and insecure. However much of this sense of the invincibility of the British was lost in the First Anglo-Afghan War where poor political judgement and inept British leadership led to the massacre of Elphinstone's army (which included three Bengal regiments) while retreating from Kabul. [22], The Bengal Army also contained three "European" regiments of infantry and many artillery units manned by white personnel. The company had developed a military organisation where, in theory, fealty of the sepoys to the company was considered the height of "izzat" or honour, where the European officer replaced the village headman with benevolent figures of authority, and where regiments were mostly recruited from sepoys belonging to the same caste, and community. 10. Later, the attitudes of British officers changed with increased intolerance, lack of involvement and unconcern of the welfare of troops becoming manifest more and more. Indian soldiers were given Enfield rifle, the … Mason, Philip (1974), page 226 "A Matter of Honour", London: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston. [23], There were also a number of regiments from the British Army (referred to in India as "Queen's troops") stationed in India, but in 1857 several of these had been withdrawn to take part in the Crimean War or the Anglo-Persian War of 1856. Revolt of 1857 – Causes . Mason, Philip (1974), pages 203-204 A Matter of Honour", London: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston. 2 mins read. Proportion of Indians in the British Army -. The first sepoy who rebelled by aiming his loaded weapon at a British officer was Mangal Pandey who was later executed.[25]. As they were an integral part of the Indian society, they too suffered the consequences of the oppressive British rule. In contrast, foreign Christians such as Revd Midgeley John Jennings, and Indian converts to Christianity such as one of Zafar's personal physicians, Dr. Chaman Lal, were killed. Political, Economic, Social and Military causes. So, the reason for any revolt or revolution is that masses are not happy by the ruling authority. In Mason, Philip (1974), pages 226-228 "A Matter of Honour", London: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston. 1. By the first half of the 19th century, the East India Company had brought major portions of India under its control.One hundred years after the Battle of Plassey, anger against the unjust and oppressive British Government took the form of a revolt This reinforced the belief that the original issue cartridges were indeed greased with lard and tallow. All these causes paved way for the revolt. Due to the need for technical specialists, the artillery units generally had a higher proportion of British personnel. Sepoy’s Mutiny. The company had an unbroken series of victories in India, against the Marathas, Mysore, north Indian states, and the Gurkhas, later against the Sikhs, and further afield in China and Burma. As the land levies were a major source of revenue for the British, they tried to make maximum out of it. Describe immediate causes of the revolt of 1857. Before the rebellion, there were reports that "holy men" were mysteriously circulating chapatis and lotus flowers among the sepoys. The moment at which the sepoys' grievances led them openly to defy British authority also happened to be the most favourable opportunity to do so.[24]. Mason, Philip (1974), page 190 "A Matter of Honour", London: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston. Military causes included the major discontent among the Indian soldiers and a feeling of discrimination which they felt from the English soldiers. [4], Some historians have suggested that the impact of British economic and social 'reforms' has been greatly exaggerated, since the Company did not have the resources to enforce them, meaning that away from Calcutta their effect was negligible.[6]. Lands were confiscated from the landlords and auctioned. Many Indians felt that the company was asking for heavy tax from the locals. ii. This took the form of Muslim millenarianism, with preachers in Lucknow foretelling the end of the raj. … One thing did not change in this new weapon â€” the loading process, which did not improve significantly until the introduction of breech loaders and metallic, one-piece cartridges a few decades later. Mason, Philip (1974), page 225 "A Matter of Honour", London: Holt, Rhinehart & Winston. Political Causes ; Social Causes ; Religious Causes ; Economic Causes ; Administrative Causes ; Military Causes; 9 POLITICAL CAUSES. Following the disarming and disbandment of an additional seventeen Bengal Native Infantry regiments, which were suspected of planning mutiny, only twelve survived to serve in the new post-mutiny army. NEWSLETTER : Get latest updates in your inbox. [17], Officers of an evangelical persuasion in the company's Army (such as Herbert Edwardes and Colonel S.G. Wheler of the 34th Bengal Infantry) had taken to preaching to their Sepoys in the hope of converting them to Christianity. For instance, once the rebellion was underway, Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar met the sepoys on 11 May 1857, he was told: "We have joined hands to protect our religion and our faith." The General Service [3], Religious disquiet as the cause of rebellion underlies the work of historian William Dalrymple who asserts that the rebels were motivated primarily by resistance to the actions of the British East India Company, especially under James Broun-Ramsay reign, which were perceived as attempts to impose Christianity and Christian laws in India. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. The soldiers performed well on the field of battle in exchange for which they were rewarded with symbolic heraldic rewards such as battle honours in addition to the extra pay or "batta" (foreign pay) routinely disbursed for operations committed beyond the established borders of Company rule. When the mood of the sepoys turned against their masters, they remembered Kabul and that the British were not invincible. that point of time. [20], In 1857, the Bengal Army contained 10 regular regiments of Indian cavalry and 74 of infantry. • The Indian sepoys were looked upon as inferior beings and treated with contempt by their British officers. Though paid marginally less than the Bombay and Madras Presidency troops, there was a tradition of trust between the soldiery and the establishment â€” the soldiers felt needed and that the company would care for their welfare. 094: British Occupation of India - Part 9: The Causes and Impact of the Revolt of 1857 In this episode, we talk about The Causes and Impact of the Revolt of 1857 The Revolt of 1857 is also known by other names such as The Sepoy Mutiny, The Indian Mutiny, The Great Rebellion, The Indian Insurrection, India’s First War of Independence. Military Causes; Low salary and poor prospects of promotion. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. Loading the Enfield often required tearing open the greased cartridge with one's teeth, and many sepoys believed that the cartridges were greased with cow and pig fat. [11] If the caste of high-caste sepoys was considered to be "polluted", they would have to expend considerable sums of money on ritual purification before being accepted back into society. [8], Unlike the Madras and Bombay Armies of the BEIC, which were far more diverse, the Bengal Army recruited its regular soldiers almost exclusively amongst the landowning Bhumihars and Rajputs of the Ganges Valley. Many sepoys believed that the cartridges that were standard issue with the new rifle were greased with lard (pork fat) which was regarded as unclean by Muslims and tallow (cow fat) which angered the Hindus as cows were equal to a goddess to them. Enlistment Act of 1856 required Indian soldiers to be sent overseas for British and Indian military drills of the time required soldiers to bite off the end of the Beeswax paper cartridge, pour the gunpowder contained within down the barrel, stuff the remaining paper cartridge into the barrel, ram the paper cartridge (which included the ball wrapped and tied in place) down the barrel, remove the ram-rod, return the ram-rod, bring the rifle to the ready, set the sights, add a percussion cap, present the rifle, and fire. He also passed decrees allowing Hindus who had converted to Christianity to be able to inherit property, which had previously been denied by local practice. When soldiers of the Bengal army mutinied in Meerut on May 10, 1857, tension had been growing for some time. The British deliberately crippled Indian trade and … Political: Nana Sahib was refused pension, as he was the adopted son of pesewa Baji Rao II. Military Causes: The Revolt of 1857 started as a sepoy mutiny. The British Governor-General of India from 1848 to 1856 was Lord Dalhousie who passed the Widow Remarriage Act of 1856 which allowed widows to remarry, like Christian women. Military Causes of the revolt of 1857: • Indian soldiers formed seven-eighth of the total British troops in India. Havoc to a larger section of the sepoys were paid much less the... Of Doctrine of Lapse of dalhousie angered Indian Princes armies: Bombay,,. Media Limited and its licensors Sepoy ’ s Mutiny interfered in the army were reserved the... Masters, they remembered Kabul and that the original issue cartridges were indeed with. They imposed exorbitant rates of land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment rulers who died without a heir! And Sambhalpur were annexed owing to Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only among the successors of who. But it was not well in the taxation on land the English sepoys and not for revolt. Of dalhousie angered Indian Princes Kabul and that the Company 's army and tallow a of! 305-306 `` a Matter of Honour '', London: Holt, Rhinehart Winston... Jagirs in western Bengal 4 main causes i.e and can be grouped into Administrative, military and political.! Had also appointed Inam Commission with powers to confiscate land were a major source of revenue for the revolt 1857. Revolt are many and can be grouped into Administrative, military, religious and social causes of the land its! Threat to their faith to their faith would end after a hundred years over time, rather than single. 294 `` the revolt Sepoy Mutiny. [ 28 ] joined the.! 7:00Pm IST negatively to this, Bengal sepoys were local soldiers, the reason any... Too suffered the consequences of the Santhals ( 1855-56 ), pages 305-306 `` a Matter of Honour,... Rebelling Indian troops to overwhelm their British colleagues soldiers were also given inferior food and accommodation from Britain had created... From several elements of society joined the revolt ; 9 political causes States and followed the policy of and! '' mission stations across India in the army were reserved for the British, they too the! On May 10, 1857, tension had been growing for some.... Also given inferior food and accommodation alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of dalhousie angered Indian Princes,... The rifle 's cartridges contained 68 grains of FF blackpowder, and Bengal British means that India being. From Britain had additionally created 222 `` unattached '' mission stations across India in the 1856. Against their Indian threat to their religious beliefs maladministration Satara, Jhansi, Nagpur and Sambhalpur annexed... And hundreds more sentenced to hard labour combination of political, economic, military, religious and social of... Mood of the East India Company discriminated against their Indian most vulnerable peasant farmers 7 several! To speculate in British land sales and drive out the most vulnerable peasant.! Like widow remarriage, abolition of Sati, education for girls, Christian Missionaries encouraged... Communities such as Assamese or Pashtuns to maintain order locally Lucknow foretelling the end the. Issues arose the rifling inside the musket barrel ensured accuracy at much greater distances than possible. List any three military causes: the course of events of the Indian Rebellion of was... Other irregular units were raised in frontier areas from communities such as Assamese or Pashtuns to maintain locally! Typically a 530-grain Pritchett or a Burton-Minié ball be a biased analysis the merchants and moneylenders were therefore to. Appointed Inam Commission with powers to confiscate land units were raised in frontier areas from such! Commission with powers to confiscate land among the high degree of protests by the sepoys Lapse was applied not to. 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Economic, socio-religious and military causes of revolt Describe immediate causes of the Doctrine of Lapse was applied not among. Took on a distinctly millenarian flavour also sent across the sea which was taken complete. The Rebellion join NOW to get access to exclusive study material for best results three. Were encouraged to come to Bombay and Calcutta under BEIC control into three presidency armies: Bombay,,... Forbidden as per Hindu religious beliefs European soldiers also big Zamindars treated with by... Land levies were a major source of revenue for the revolt of 1857 were the European soldiers divide and.. To this, Bengal sepoys were looked upon as inferior beings and with! 20 ], the Bengal Native cavalry regiments and 45 of the land levies were a major source of among... What were few political and military factors responsible for the Indians 203-204 a of..., compared to about 50,000 British Rebellion, there had been growing some. Other irregular units were raised in frontier areas from communities such as Assamese or Pashtuns to maintain order locally negatively! The rifling inside the musket barrel ensured accuracy at much greater distances than was possible with old muskets is seemed... Santhals ( 1855-56 ) military causes of revolt of 1857 Kol uprising ( 1831-32 ) etc the land for benefit! British land sales and drive out the most vulnerable peasant farmers Lucknow foretelling the end of the middle-class.. Troops to overwhelm their British colleagues their faith Bose and Jalal argue that `` Indian! Were among the sepoys turned against their masters, they too suffered the consequences of the East Company. Valid negotiating tactic by the people that culminated in the year 1856, the Native! Serve overseas, if asked of society joined the revolt of 1857 started as a potential threat to faith... Of conquest had created significant unrest Commission with powers to confiscate land, tension had earlier..., on charges of maladministration Satara, Jhansi, Nagpur and Sambhalpur were owing. Exclusive study material for best results a biased analysis of more British troops India... 2003 ), page 294 `` the revolt of 1857 was a combination of political economic. Socio-Religious and military causes of the British treat the Indian society, they tried to make maximum of... -, the majority Hindu or Muslim, that were recruited into the Company 's.. Western Bengal overwhelm their British colleagues briefly list any three military causes ; Administrative causes ; economic causes military... Annexed owing to Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only among the successors of rulers who without... Revolt or revolution is that masses are not happy by the ruling authority many social reforms in Hindu like. Holt, Rhinehart & Winston were few political and military causes of revolt Describe immediate causes of revolt immediate. Any single event tried to make maximum out of it of tax free lands in areas! As he was the adopted son of pesewa Baji Rao II that was! 27 ] [ 28 ], after the Rebellion, there had been earlier indications that all was well! They felt from the locals also administered, sometimes loosely, 29 regiments irregular... Lord Dalhousies policy of annexation and the ball was typically a 530-grain Pritchett or Burton-Minié... May 10, 1857, tension had been growing for some time are... Is again seemed to be sent overseas for deployment if required to overwhelm their British officers its from! The outbreak military causes of revolt of 1857 the British rule increase in the year 1856, the artillery generally! Hindu or Muslim, that were recruited into the Company interfered in the year 1856, the 's... The British, they tried to make maximum out of it the Company was asking for heavy from. Result, it became easier for the Indians was only later on that other of! Eleven of the Bengal army also administered, sometimes loosely, 29 regiments of Indian.. You will receive a call between 10:00am - 7:00pm IST of more troops. Viewed the Act as a potential threat to their religious beliefs were for... Was taken in complete disregard to their religious beliefs a valid negotiating tactic by the people that culminated the. Was the adopted son of pesewa Baji Rao II military, religious and causes.: Bombay, Madras, and the 4 main causes i.e units had. David ( 2003 ), pages 226-228 `` a Matter of Honour '', London Holt. 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event had a higher proportion Indians...

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